PART-A: Aptitude & General Biotechnology

General Biotechnology

  1. Biomolecular structure and function

  2. Methods in Biotechnology

  3. Organization of structure and functions of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

  4. Cellular processes

  5. Recombinant DNA Technology

  6. Genetics, Phylogeny & Evolution

  7. Genomics and Proteomics

  8. IPR, Biosafety & Bioethics


Part B: Specialized Branches in Biotechnology

Agricultural Biotechnology:

  1. Plant Biology, physiology, molecular biology and seed technology

  2. Tissue Culture, Transgenic Technologies and Biotechnology

  3. Molecular Breeding and Genomics

  4. Abiotic and Biotic Stress Biology

  5. Biodiversity


Animal Biotechnology:

  1. Animal Physiology and Biochemistry

  2. Histology and Embryology

  3. Animal Parasitology

  4. Animal Virology

  5. Immunology

  6. Pathology

  7. Animal Genetics

  8. Molecular Medicine and Surgery

  9. Molecular Diagnostics

  10. Research Methodologies

Biochemical Engineering and Industrial Biotechnology

  1. Engineering Principles

  2. Thermodynamics in Biological Systems

  3. Bioprocess Engineering and Technology

  4. Downstream Processing in Biotechnology

  5. Bioprocess Plant Design

Bioinformatics & Computational Biology

  1. Major Bioinformatics Resources

  2. Database Searches

  3. Sequence Analysis, Basic concepts

  4. Scoring Matrix, Pairwise sequence alignments, Multiple sequence alignments (MSA), Application in Taxonomy and phylogeny, Comparative genomics.

  5. Structural Biology

  6. Proteins

  7. DNA & RNA secondary and tertiary structures, t-RNA tertiary structure

  8. Classification and comparison of protein 3D structures

  9. Application in drug design

Environmental Biotechnology

  1.  Basic Ecological Concepts and Principles

  2. Chemistry of organic and inorganic chemicals polluting Environment (air, water and soil)

  3. Environmental Pollution; Types, Detection and Measurement of Pollutants; Environmental monitoring techniques

  4. Water Pollution

  5. Waste Water Treatment systems

  6. Treatment of Typical Industrial Effluents

  7. Management of municipal, biomedical and agricultural solid waste

  8. Environmental Pollution control

  9. Environment friendly technologies

  10. Pollution monitoring

  11. Global environmental problems

Marine Biotechnology

  1. Important marine organisms and their behavior

  2. Marine resources assessment

  3. Population study and marine environment protection

  4. Oceanography

  5. Types of marine microbes and their biology

  6. Microbial Assessment

  7. Role of microbes in marine environment

  8. Microbial metabolites

  9. Microbial interaction

  10. Culture systems and hatchery techniques

  11. Introduction to marine pharmacology

  12. Manipulation and microbial techniques

  13. Disease diagnosis

  14. Marine organisms and environment interaction

  15. Pollution & Biomaterial interaction

  16. Fouling and corrosion

  17. Wastewater bio-treatment

Medical Biotechnology

  1. Vaccinology

  2. Immunotechnology

  3. CMI and Imaging techniques

  4. Genetics in Medical Practice

  5. Genetics of Neurogenetic disorders

  6. Genetic basis of eye disorders

  7. Complex polygenic syndromes

  8. Components of genetic counseling

  9. Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract

  10. Infections of the Respiratory system

  11. Pyrexial Illness

  12. Infections of the Nervous System

  13. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Congenital Infections

  14. Host pathogen interactions in disease process

  15. DNA based diagnosis

  16. Antibody based diagnosis

  17. Proteomics based diagnosis

  18. Gene therapy

  19. Cellular therapy

  20. Recombinant therapy

  21. Immunotherapy

  22. Gene silencing technology

  23. Human disease genes

Molecular and Human Genetics

  1. Cell Biology and Cytogenetics

  2. Principles of Genetics

  3. Common genetic disorders

  4. Human Genome


  1. Neurons

  2. Glial cells

  3. Neurophysiology and Behavior

  4. Major events in early embryonic development

  5. Patterning, polarity and regionalization of the nervous system

  6. Birth and migration of neurons

  7. Neuronal death during development

  8. Neurotrophic factors

  9. Electrical properties of excitable membranes

  10. Electrical properties of neurons, quantitative models of simulations, Hodgkin & Huxley's analysis of squid giant axon

  11. Synaptic transmission and cellular signaling

  12. Sensation and perception

  13. Fundamentals of Motor Systems

  14. Chemical Control of Brain and Behavior

  15. Neural Control of the Breathing

  16. Neural Control of Heart, Cardiovascular Homeostasis

  17. Sleep and Dreaming

  18. Cognitive development and aging

  19. Clinical neurochemistry and neuropathology

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

  1. Drug metabolism

  2. Pharmacological screening and assays

  3. Enzymes and microbial technology

  4. Biochemical engineering

  5. Downstream processing

  6. Industrial applications